Garhwal is part of the newly created state of Uttrakhand, which has
beenformed from the mountainous districts of the state of Uttar Pradesh.
Uttrakhand became the 27th state of the Republic of India on the 9th of November
2000. Thedistricts of Chamoli, Dehradun, Haridwar, Pauri, Rudraprayag, Tehri
Garhwal andUttarkashi form the part of Garhwal. The history of Garhwal as one
unified entity began when king AjaiPal brought together 52 principalities
together during the 15 th century.Garhwal remained one unified kingdom for the
next 300 years. The capital was atSrinagar (Garhwal). The districts of Pauri and
Dehradun were ceded to theBritish for all the help provided to the King for
fighting the Gurkhas duringthe early 19 th century.
Nestled in the mountain ranges of theHimalaya, Dehradun
is the Capital of Uttaranchal. It is one of the mostbeautiful cities of India,
known for its scenic surroundings. The town lies inthe Dun Valley, on the
watershed of the Ganga and Yamuna rivers. The nameDehradun is a collection of
two word "dera" meaning Camp and "dun" meaning valley. Some
of the best public schools and convents arehoused in and around the city. The
town of Mussoorie over look the town and itsview from Dehradun late in the
evening is an unforgettable sight.
Garhwal is the land of high mountains and deep and narrowvalleys. The
mighty rivers originate from the glaciers in the high Himalaya andflow down the
deep valleys. The two big rivers of India, Ganga and Yamuna arehere and these
rivers support a mammoth population along their courses till theymet the mighty
Bay of Bengal. This has always inspired the plains people tovisit these places
from where their life lines originate. The Char-dhams, the four most sacred and
revered Hindu temples, Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamnotri arelocated at
these places and have been visited by pilgrims since time immemorialdespite the
severe hardships one has to endure.
The land of Celestial Beauty Blessed with
magnificent glaciers , majesticsnow-clad mountains, gigantic and ecstatic peaks,
valley of flowers, skiingslopes and dense forests, this Abode of Gods includes
many shrines and places ofpilgrimage. A picturesque state, with a
breathtaking panoramic view of Himalayas,Uttaranchal promises its tourists a
visit full of fun and unforgettable moments.
rail mode is available from various cities of India to Dehradun, Haridwarand
Kotdwar. The city of Dehradun has a small Airfield which brings the state onthe
air map of the country. The place is connected with good roads. The valleysare
deep and so the Buses stops by evening and no night service is availablein
the mountains. However, these days the taxies ply up to late in the eveningand
are a great help. The economy of the place is mostly dependent upon tourismand
the pilgrims visiting the Char- Dhams. Since these temples are located highup in
the mountains, access during winter is difficult due to snow. Thisbrings
down the tourist movement. The state is developing new areas for wintersports
and in the years to come there is hope of year round arrival
There is endless scope for adventure tourist in the state. The
mighty riversoffer one of the best possibilities of white water rafting in the
country. Morethan the opportunity, its is the availability of the infrastructure
for rafting.You want to only do camping, well there are endless places where you
may camp.Trekking trails are endless and are of every level of difficulty. The
big andmighty mountains offer every level of difficulty for one to try his
expertise inmountaineering, may it be rock climbing or snow and Ice climbing.
Oh, you wantto ski, well Auli and Dyara bhugyal offer you all. One visit to the
state andyou are there year after year.
is full of treks around the pilgrim places. Few popular treks are: